How are Guitar Effects Pedals Priced?
A question that I often wonder is how are things priced. So I wanted to break down how I think guitar effect pedals are priced and why pricing might have little to do with the actual cost of producing the pedal and more to do with marketing, branding and distribution. In fairness to manufactures, I won’t mention any by name, instead, I’ll be somewhat generalistic.
Pedal Idea Development
It all starts with an idea. As we’ve seen with the rise of the Chinese manufacturers, it doesn’t even have to be your own unique idea. So, while some guitar effects pedals companies will spend months trying out different circuits, components and ideas, other will simply tweak an existing idea and repackage it. Of course, development has a cost and the process can be quite difficult and drawn out with a lot of wrong turns along the way.
Having purchased components in the past, I can say even top quality ones are fairly cheap. So if we imagine having to buy large/huge quantities to build a pedal, the overall cost would be minimal per pedal. So, it’s likely the circuit inside isn’t that expensive from a parts perspective. However, the cost of assembling the components on a circuit board can vary massively. If you’re assembling in the USA by hand, you have quite high labour costs, taxes and overheads. If you have a machine which does the majority of the assembly, then you’ll have a lower cost base. Other than marketing, manufacture is the second biggest cost.
When you talk about branding, you ultimately encounter a lot of hot air, smoke and mirrors and general BS. Branding is a complex topic and contributes massively to the price we pay. If you think of a Chinese company and a USA company. The USA based pedal co will probably play up the made in America label in their marketing and on their pedal, and this adds to the price. Branding is also perception, if you think of a mass market pedal vs a guy in his basement. Its likely that you’ll to want to be pay more for the unique one-off than the pedal we can all purchase. The Chinese company will ensure that their name is universally pronounceable and then will stack high, sell cheap.
I may only know one thing about marketing, it’s darn expensive! While branding is part of marketing, the term encompasses a lot more. Marketing includes getting guitar magazine to cover your pedal in some way, whether that be reviews, a giveaway or offering a discount code. It’s also building a website which is easy to find and use. Creating posters, flyers and points of sale. The list goes on and on. Marketing is likely to cost the average pedal company a quarter of the final price and is one of the biggest costs involved.
Getting stores to stock your products is really hard work and unless a company has a network of dealers, it’s likely that the business will remain unknown and fairly niche. Having products distributed by dealers is quite expensive with the average dealer price being half the RRP. This is why some companies distribute solely through marketplaces like amazon and eBay as the costs are reduced and they can pass that saving on to the buyer.
So, How are Guitar Effects Pedals Priced?
So with the average guitar effects pedal, divide what you paid by half to get to the manufacturer’s price. Out of this amount, half will be spent on marketing as well as building a distribution network. The other half will be spent on design and manufacture, with the build costing around 25% to 40%. This means the design costs as high as 15% and as low as 10%. Think about this then next time you purchase a pedal, as you might be able to get a discount.